Before You Visit

At some point before the court visit date, the teacher will want to discuss with students the type of court being visited and its differences from the other courts in this state.

Functions of the Court

The function of the courts is to administer justice and interpret laws. The Supreme Court in Lansing is Michigan's highest court. Its seven justices decide, by majority vote, appeals from the lower courts and direct the work of other courts. The Michigan Court of Appeals is an intermediate appellate court whose judges sit in panels to hear cases. The Court of Appeals meets in Lansing, Detroit, Grand Rapids, and Marquette.

Circuit Court

The Circuit Court is organized along county lines, except that a group of counties may be in the same circuit (in less-populated areas.) The Circuit Court generally deals with major civil cases and felony criminal trials. The Probate Court, also organized along county lines, includes the juvenile division and hears cases on wills, guardianships, adoptions, and commitments of the mentally ill. District Courts have jurisdiction over some civil cases, misdemeanors, and other matters. Finally, there are also municipal Courts in a few cities.

Permitted Visitations

All of these courts generally are open for visits by students as well as the public. It should be noted, however, that juvenile proceedings are often closed. Teachers should inquire directly of the local probate judge whether these visitations are permitted.

How to Start

Visits should be initiated by either completing the Courtroom Visit Scheduling Form or by calling the court clerk or administrator to determine the best day and time for the visit.

Good Times to Visit

Timing is important in planning an educational court visit. Days when preliminary examinations are being conducted are good days because they compress the presentation of the facts of a case into a relatively short time span. However, many examinations are waived by the defense and defendant is bound over to the Circuit Court.

Jury Selection

Jury selection is an interesting process which helps demonstrate key points in the system.

Civil Infractions & Traffic Violations

Civil infractions and traffic violations, cases often heard in District Courts, demonstrate how the system works while dramatizing human failings, frailties and sometimes even heroics.